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New York Cesspool :: Septic System Service

Residential & Commercial Service
Throughout Long Island

Septic System FAQ & Information

General Septic system Infomation

A septic system is a mini on–site sewage treatment system used when there are no municipal sewers available.

Septic systems on Long Island usually consist of a primary receiver (septic tank/main cesspool) and a secondary or overflow cesspool. Homes built after 1972 will usually have a septic tank as the primary receiver. Most homes built prior to 1972 will have a cesspool set up as the primary receiver. When properly installed and maintained on a regular basis, your septic/cesspool system will provide many years of trouble free service.

There are two basic components to a residential septic system

  • The septic tank/main cesspool.
  • The overflow cesspool or cesspools
Properly Working Septic System Versus Failed Septic System

Here is how a septic system works:

  • Waste water leaves your home through the main line (shown above as the sewer inlet) and flows into the septic tank/main cesspool.
  • The organic solid waste floats at the top and the inorganic sludge settles to the bottom of the tank (main cesspool).
  • The natural bacteria in the septic tank digest the floating waste.
  • The liquid between the floating solids and the sludge layers flows into the leaching overflow cesspool.

Why does a septic system fail? Excessive sludge and waste build-up!

A residential septic tank should be checked and cleaned once a year. When a septic tank is not maintained, solids will build up within the tank and eventually push through and into the leaching cesspool. This clogs the sand bottoms and can permanently destroy the drainage. Excessive use of household detergents, toilet cleaners, bleach, anti-bacterial soaps and household disinfectants can kill the natural bacteria in the septic system.

Common signs of a failing system

  • Slow draining sinks, bathtubs, showers or toilets.
  • Clogs or temporary plumbing back ups.
  • Gurgling sounds in the plumbing.
  • Strong odors inside or outside your home.
  • Grass growing greener or snow melting faster in one particular area of your yard.
  • Mushy or constantly saturated area of your yard.
  • Low spots beginning to appear in yard.

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